Accredited Business you can Trust
Accredited Business you can Trust
Reliable – Honest – Ethical
the Better Business Bureau
or something called Angie’s list
Quality Home Improvement
at affordable prices
Better ideas – Craftsmanship
the difference is in the detail
|Professional Home Improvements with a Personal Touch|
|We maintain a very low over head to provide you with the best quality products and workmanship in the business at the lowest possible cost to you|
Adler Building Company
Most of our business comes from referrals of satisfied customers or repeat business from those same satisfied customers
Adler Building Company is an active licensed builder in the state of Michigan, fully insured, supports and is registered with the Better Business Bureau and has been doing business in Southeast Michigan under the same ownership since 1964.
We understand that your end investment is very important, but we do urge you to hire a licensed professional not just a price.
How we maintain a low overhead: No commissioned sales staff, a low advertising budget, referrals and repeat customers from over 40 years in business. This leaves us with the lowest possible price and more quality in your project.
Our prices are the lowest in the business for the quality you receive
A Family Owned
Home Improvement Company
for the major Projects you care about most
Additions – Kitchens – Bathrooms
In order to keep our project quality under control we limit the amount of projects we take on
Don’t be fooled into a low price only to fine a lot added on during the job
We finish your project at the same amount we quoted at the beginning
You will receive top quality workmanship, top quality products and personal attention
We don’t disappear when you’re looking for information or answers.
We will be with you not only from the beginning to end of your project but whenever you need us
You can pay more or less but in either case you will not match our quality and attention
Nobody does it better!
Let The Magic
Begin For You
The cost of remodeling your kitchen:
The investment required to remodel your kitchen will depend on the size and layout of your kitchen, the cabinets that you chose, and any electrical and/or plumbing and also any new appliances you may want
We carry cabinets by several different manufactures like KraftMaid and Merillat that have many doors styles, wood species, dozens of finishes stock, semi-custom and custom cabinetry and features galore
There are many types of countertops to choose from: granite, quartz, solid surface Formica style laminate and ceramic tile.
Our professional can help you pick out the best for your kitchen and budget.
Laminate is the most common material used and it offers an endless array of colors, many textures and finishes. It requires the least amount investment wears well. Laminate tops can be edged with wood matching your cabinets start at around $20 per square foot with installation
Granite is natural stone and that is difficult to match with any other counter top material. Granite is extremely hard and requires periodic sealing. It is enduring, heat proof, water proof, impossible to mar under normal circumstances and it comes in many color variations and edge profiles. You can actually pick out the stone slab to be fabricated for your kitchen. The average investment would come in at a very affordable $40 to $45 per square foot.
Corian style solid surface countertops are acrylic products that are durable and with many of colors and edge profiles to choose from. It heat resistance not heatproof and while solid surface tops can scratch, they can also be repaired. The average investment is about $55 to $60 per square foot with installation
Quartz is actually a blend of quartz and resins that create a hard durable surface that can look and feel a lot like granite.
Quartz products are durable, heat resistance and have many different colors and edge profiles to choose from. The average investment is about $70 to $75 per square foot with installation
We can install new wood flooring, Pergo style laminate flooring, ceramic tile, slate, marble or linoleum to compliment your new kitchen or possible work with your existing floor
Remodeling and installation:
It typical takes about 3 to 4 weeks be for we start you project to get in all of materials to be used in your new kitchen such as cabinetry, plumbing supplies possible flooring etc.
Depending on the extent of remodeling your kitchen will take anywhere from 2 to 4 weeks
We remove your old cabinets and do any modifications such as wall removal or building.
Extend and/or update electrical outlets, switches and lighting to accommodate your kitchen layout
Update plumbing supply lines, traps dishwasher connections as needed
Repaired/install new drywall and prep for painting.
Install your new cabinets and trim
Measured and have you new counter top fabricated and installed
Install final plumbing is connections, sink and faucet.
Install the new floor
Installation or reinstallation all your new or existing appliances
Clean up and haul away of job related debris
A qualified kitchen professional will come out to your home to go over your options. We will measure the kitchen, create a custom layout to fit your home and your budget upon returning to the office. We then mail and/or e-mail you a copy of the layout with a detailed estimate.
At Adler Building Company we do not pressure or pester you to get the job done. In fact once you have the estimate you will need to call us if you have questions or when you’re ready to move for ward with our project
Your kitchen is the heart of your home. It’s a place where your family, friends and loved ones gather to share meals and memories. Your kitchen should be functional, yet pleasant and inviting. If you love your home, but are not satisfied with your kitchen, we have the perfect solutions for you! We can help you transform your present kitchen into the kitchen of your dreams. We can do a full layout including any wall that may need to be moved or opened up for an airy feel. We offer great designs, cabinets and wood species, an array or counter top fabrications and finishes, sinks, faucets, ceramic back splashes, flooring and more. We can design a look and feel, to match your budget
There are a lot of honest people in this world. Unfortunately they can hurt you just as much as a dishonest person. Over the years I’ve seen more then my share of honest people fail in this business for many reasons and hurting their customers in the process. The failures in the home improvement business must be huge! There is only a hand full of remodelers that you recognize their name form only 10 years ago. If you hire a contractor that fails while in the middle of your home remodeling project you will feel like your living a nightmare!
An honest remodeler starts a business with the intent of fulfilling the needs of homeowners and to make a living. The knowledge needed to do all the various work connected with home improvement is Immeasurable and I don’t know a sole that has that kind of wisdom. So you would think he’s better off sticking to what he knows best specializing in a certain area for instance bathroom remodeling. He knows how to remodel a bathroom great but now he need customers and proceeds to put out bids. He puts out low bid in an effort to secure work thinking that the low bid gets the job. If he completes the work using quality products at the very best he doesn’t make any money. Can’t stay in business very long that way! So most of the time he completes the job with a little lower quality product, he gets paid, you’re happy, he’s happy all is well. Nope. 3 months later you call and the vanity door come loose. No big deal, he comes out repairs it and is gone in no time. But after a year or so and with dozens of jobs out there, how many phone call and repairs can he do. He’s back to not making any money because he’s working on all the repairs and soon he’s not answering your phone calls anymore.
Most remodelers don’t have much business experience and start up business with very little if any capital. They get a deposit on a job, spend the money on the product they need for the job (if they don’t spend it on the truck repair or house payment first) complete your job, collect the money an presto their in business. Wow! Not much room for anything out of the ordinary.
Watch out for your self. First use good judgment when hiring out your home improvement project. Do they seem to be honest? Most of the time a dishonest person will give them selves away in just what they say. Try to hire someone that been around awhile. Check their references. Check the better business bureau and above all make sure they have a current license for the job they will be hired for. The amount you spend for the job should be the least of you concerns although we tend to make it our first priority.
Once you have selected and hired your home remodeler give him some space to perform his job. You don’t want to be over his shoulder all the time but don’t be shy about showing up on the job either. Any concerns you may have during the construction process take directly to the top person that’s managing the project. If you have subcontractors on your job, it’s ok to talk and relate the concerns you have to them, but make sure you related this also directly to the top.
If you’ve done your homework, hired someone that’s licensed and run into a problem with your home improvement contractor that between your self and the contractor cant not be resolved don’t run to an attorney. In Michigan we have a licensing board that will look in to the matter. Make sure you document the problem to the best of your ability. Write down date and times, take pictures and have your local city do an on site inspection. File a complaint against the remodeler. You can get the forms at: http://www.cis.state.mi.us/bcsc/forms/enf/lce-993.pdf. If in the end they find that the contractor has done something improper they can remedy that problem with suspension, fines and/or a monetary compensation. A major factor in this would be any violations that your city building department finds.
Note: The State of Michigan DOES NOT settle monetary issues
Do your best to get along with your builder, home improvement contractor or remodeler. If you’ve selected a good person that shouldn’t be too difficult
Roofing comes in many different forms like shingles, shake, slate, tile and flat or raised metal and each can come in different shapes, sizes, and materials such as asphalt, wood, slate, clay, steel and composites and also many colors
This is the most commonly used and least expensive roof covering material. Asphalt roofing materials consist of a fiber mat or a fiberglass mat impregnated with asphalt and covered with colored sand like mineral granules. A wide variety of designs, weights, colors and sizes are available. Designer shingle is becoming more common today replacing the standard 3 tab. Generally a good asphalt shingle will last for about 30 years. When asphalt Shingles start to curl or cup and the sand like granules ware off it is time to reroof or replace them
Wood and/or shake roofing:
Shingles made of different wood like cedar, cypress or red wood are highly resistant to rot and may last 30 to 35 years if properly maintained. The best wood roofing materials are pressure-treated with wood preservatives. When considering home safety, it is wise to note that wood shingles and shakes are more highly combustible than the other roofing materials available. If a wood shingle is your choice, look for one treated with fire-retardant chemicals. As wood ages they will shrink and form gaps. They may also become brittle and be less protective from the elements. When only a some wooden show wear and tear you can replace the individual shingles without doing the entire roof
Metal roofs are highly resistant to ware and damage from the elements and will frequently last up ward of 40 years or more. They are highly fire resistant and require very little maintenance. Damaged areas can be repaired with patches of similar metal. The materials used in a metal roof may include copper, tin, steel, aluminum, or an alloy combination of one or more of these metals.
Tile, Slate and Composite Roofing:
Tile, slate or composed of either clay or concrete are the longest lasting roofing materials available. Often the will last more than 50 or more years and require little or no maintenance. These materials are very fire resistant. When one of these roofs does need replacement, however, the cost will be very high. Tiles are comparable to slate in benefit but come in a more shapes variety of colors, textures and sizes. Tiles can be color glazed or natural while slate usually comes in natural black, grey or a dark red
Home improvements or repairs can improve the curb appeal and value of your home like new siding. House siding materials have changed over the years and include:
ཉ Wood siding
ཉ Asbestos siding
ཉ Cement fiber
Today asbestos siding is not used any more and wood, aluminum, steel and fiberglass siding have been mostly replaced with the more modern house siding like vinyl, cement fiber and composites.
Aluminum is still the most widely trim material because of it’s ability to be shaped the existing trim boards. Aluminum is a recyclable product so it dose not have a great impact on our environment.
We see composite trim boards in lieu of wood in the future as the price comes down enough that new home builders start using it to replace the wood trim now used. Composite is recyclable and will save a lot of trees when it replaces wood.
I’m not an advocate of cement fiber because the seams need to be spaced for expansion and chalked to keep the elements from deterioration. If you have cement board we recommend that you inspect the seams at least once a year to determine weather they need to be sealed again.
Brick and stone are great products but because of the cost are used widely in combination of other products such as vinyl siding. Neither brick nor stone have an adverse effect on our environment
Vinyl siding also seems to be an excellent product. The cost is lower and it’s very easy to maintain. Although vinyl siding is petroleum based it is a recyclable product so it dose not have a great impact on our environment.
Improving the exterior of your home helps to improve your neighborhood, gives your home curb appeal and make you feel good about yourself
Suggestions for Choosing a Residential Builder:
The State of Michigan’s Construction laws require that people performing Residential Construction type work (other than ordinary repairs) be licensed through the State as either a Residential Builder or a Building Maintenance/Alteration Contractor.
A Licensed Residential Builder has been tested and approved to perform all types of residential building construction.
A Licensed Maintenance/Alteration Contractor has generally been tested and approved to perform work only in specific categories (concrete, roofing, siding, etc.).
The following are some suggestions to use when looking for a Builder:
1. When seeking a Contractor, whether an individual or a company, ask to see their current Michigan Builder’s License. A legitimate contractor should have no problem showing his/her License.
(State law allows for penalties for individuals intending to bypass State licensing laws.)
2. The State of Michigan, Office of Commercial Services, may be contacted at (900) 555-8374, to verify a Builder’s License and to check if any current complaints have been registered against the Builder.
3. Ask for references. Ask for names, addresses, and phone numbers of individuals that the Builder has performed similar work for. Take the time to call the references and ask them about their experience with the Builder. If possible, with permission, visit the referenced sites.
4. Ask to see a Certificate for liability Insurance.
5. Ask to see any referral or “thank you” letters the Builder may have received.
6. Check with local agencies, such as the Better Business Bureau, the local Building department , etc., to see if they have any information on the Builder.
7. Ask to see brochures, samples, and pictures of all materials to be used on your project.
8. Get everything in writing! Any proposal left quoting a price should have the Builder’s name, a Business address, and Business phone number on it, and should contain a detailed description of what is being done and what materials are being used. The proposal should contain a starting date (if possible) and a completion time. The method of payment and payment schedule should be listed, and should clearly state a warranty period.
Common sense dictates caution, but all legitimate contractors should be used to being asked all these questions and more, and should not have a problem providing you with any of this suggested information. Go with your instincts, if something doesn’t sound right, ask for clarification
We offer complete professional home improvement including all remodeling and renovations. Weather you want to up date, expand or alter your present home we can take it from beginning to end. We will provide you with a free estimate, design, plan, permits, quality products and top-notch craftsmanship all at an affordable price
“Making it easier”
We help you plan and design your project and decide on your improvement components such as kitchen cabinets, bathroom vanities, counter tops, sinks, ceramic tile, hardwood flooring, windows, siding, roofing and much more
“The good and the bad”
There are good people and bad people in every walk of life. We are good people! We are moral, trustworthy and believe that people (our customers) and their projects come first not the almighty dollar. When we take on a project our goal is to fulfill the trust you have shown in us by completing it in a manor that you can be proud of. As we complete your job, you become our advertisement. That’s how we’ve stayed in business for over 40 years
“Put the money in your pocket”
We keep our overhead to a minimum. Our advertising budget is as follows: web sites under $50.00 per month – yard signs $22.00 each – customer referrals 0 dollars. That’s it!
But then you won’t get to sing our jingle or toss away more junk mail or watch us on your television set. You’ll only get a quality hassle free job and save money on your home improvement project
“Improve Your castle”
Your home is your castle and we respect that and feel honored that you would invite us in to improve your home. We want your experience to be enjoyable and hassle free. We stay on top of your project on a daily basis and we are easy to contact at anytime. We work so well in your home that most if not all our customers miss us when were gone. I know we miss them. Every customer is our reference not just a chosen few
Various types of soft and hard woods used in modern home improvement and remodeling
Red oak: Main Uses are for Furniture, flooring, architectural millwork and moldings’, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling and caskets. The Latin name for oak, Quercus, means “a fine tree.” The oaks have been key in America’s industrial transformation: railroad ties, wheels, plows, looms, barrels and, of course, furniture and floors. The oak is the state tree of New Jersey. It Grows throughout Eastern USA. The oaks are by far the most abundant species group growing in the Eastern hardwood forests. Red oaks grow more abundantly than the white oaks. The red oak group comprises many species, of which about eight are commercial. Average tree height is 60 to 80 feet. The wood is hard and heavy, with medium bending strength and stiffness and high crushing strength. It is very good for steam bending. Great wear-resistance and is the most widely used species.
White oak: Main Uses are for Furniture, flooring, architectural millwork, moldings’, doors, kitchen cabinets, paneling, barrel staves (tight cooperage) and caskets. White oak is impervious to liquids, and has been used extensively for ship timbers, barrels and casks. White oak is the state tree of Connecticut, Illinois and Maryland. White oak machines well nails and screws well although pre-boring is advised. Since it reacts with iron, galvanized nails are recommended. Its adhesive properties are variable, but it stains to a good finish. Can be stained with a wide range of finish tones. The wood dries slowly. A hard and heavy wood with medium bending and crushing strength, low in stiffness, but very well in steam bending. Great wear-resistance.
Alder: Grows Principally the Pacific Northwest, where it is the most abundant commercial hardwood. Average height is 90 feet and the tree matures in 25 to 40 years, but will begin to deteriorate by 60 to 80 years of age. Alder grows well on burned over lands and thrives in areas that have been ravaged by fire, earthquakes or logging. Main Uses are for Furniture, kitchen cabinets, doors, shutters, moldings’, panel stock, turnings, carvings and kitchen utensils. Alder is used in the smoking of meats and fish. Red alder, a relative of birch, is almost white when freshly cut but quickly changes on exposure to air, becoming light brown with a yellow or reddish tinge. Heartwood is formed only in trees of advanced age and there is no visible boundary between sap and heartwood. The wood is fairly straight-grained with a uniform texture. Red alder machines well and is excellent for turning. It nails, screws and glues well, and can be sanded, painted, or stained to a good finish. When stained, it blends with walnut, mahogany or cherry. It dries easily with little degrade and has good dimensional stability after drying. Red alder is a relatively soft hardwood of medium density that has low bending strength, shock resistance and stiffness.
Ash: Norse mythology refers to ash as “the mighty tree that supports the heavens” and “below earth its roots went down to hell.” Ash belongs to the olive family, although its only fruit is a dart-like winged seed. Ash is a popular species for food containers because the wood has no taste. Admiral Richard Byrd wore snowshoes made from ash during his polar expeditions and early windmills were made from this species. It Grows Throughout the Eastern USA. White ash trees range in height from 80 to 120 feet with diameter from 2 to 5 feet. Main Uses are for Furniture, flooring, doors, architectural millwork and moldings, kitchen cabinets, paneling, tool handles, baseball bats, hockey sticks, billiard cues, skis, oars and turnings. At one time ash was the preferred wood for making tennis racquets. Ash machines well, is good in nailing, screwing and gluing, and can be stained to a very good finish. It dries fairly easily with minimal degrade, and there is little movement in performance. Ash has very good overall strength properties relative to its weight. It has excellent shock resistance and is good for steam bending.
Aspen: It Grows Commercially in the Northeast. Average tree height is 40 to 60 feet. The aspen has a short life span: just before reaching full growth, it has a tendency to suffer from decay. Aspens are known for seeding and thriving in places where fires have been. Main Uses are for Furniture parts (drawer sides), doors, moldings’, picture frames, millwork, toys, kitchen utensils, food containers, baskets and matchsticks. Important specialized uses include sauna laths because of its low conductivity of heat, and chopsticks. Aspen dose not split when nailed, it machines easily with a slightly fuzzy surface, and turns, bores, and sands well. It takes paint and stain well to produce a good finish although care is required where the surface is fuzzy. It has low to moderate shrinkage and good dimensional stability. Aspen is a true poplar, and therefore has similar characteristics and properties to cottonwood. The wood is light and soft, with low bending strength and stiffness, and medium shock resistance. It has a very low bending classification. It is Limited in Availability and rarely available in thick stock.
Basswood: The name comes from its inner bark, or bast, used by Native Americans to make rope. It Grows Principally the Northern and Lake states. Average tree height is 65 feet. Its Main Uses are for Carvings, turnings, furniture, pattern making, moldings’, millwork and musical instruments. An important specialized use is Venetian blinds and shutters. Native Americans also used basswood’s inner bark fibers to make thread and fabric. Basswood machines well and is easy to work with hand tools making it a premier carving wood. It nails, screws, and glues fairly well and can be sanded and stained to a good smooth finish. It dries fairly rapidly with little distortion or degrading. It has fairly high shrinkage but good dimensional stability when dry. The wood is light and soft with generally low strength properties and a poor steam-bending classification
Beech: Known as “Mother of the Forest” for its nutrient-rich humus. Beech has a long, illustrious past. The Aryan Tribes of Asia, the earliest known people to use a written language, carved their messages into the soft, smooth pliable bark of the beech tree trunk. The writings, cut out of the bark and used intact, were called “boc,” which eventually became “book. It Grows Throughout the Eastern USA, commercial concentration is in the Central and Middle Atlantic states. Average tree height is 120 feet. It’s Main Uses are for Furniture, doors, flooring, millwork, paneling, brush handles, wooden ware, bending stock, toys and turnings. It is particularly suitable for food and liquid containers since there is no odor or taste. Beech was used to make snuffboxes as well as mortars and pestles. Beech works readily with most hand and machine tools. It has good nailing and gluing properties and can be stained to a good finish. The wood dries fairly rapidly but with a strong tendency to warp, split and surface check. It is subject to a high shrinkage and moderate movement in performance. Beech is classed as heavy, hard, strong, high in resistance to shock and highly suitable for steam bending. Good resistance to abrasive wear
Birch: From sap to bark, birch trees are used to make everything from beer to toothpicks. Native Americans stretched birch bark on their canoe frames and used the wood for their arrows. The birch is New Hampshire’s state tree. It is also popular as an ornamental tree and has gained the nickname “Mother Tree” because birches were planted at the White House to honor the mothers of USA presidents. The oil extracted from the bark contains a chemical used to treat rheumatism and inflammations. Eastern USA, principally Northern and Lake states. The average tree is 60 to 70 feet in height. Birch prefers valleys and stream banks although it adapts itself to higher grounds. It’s Main Uses are for Furniture, millwork and paneling, doors, flooring, kitchen cabinets, turnings and toys. Native Americans often rolled and burned birch bark to keep mosquitoes away. Yellow birch has a white sapwood and light reddish brown heartwood. The wood is generally straight-grained with a fine uniform texture. Generally characterized by a plain and often curly or wavy pattern. The wood works fairly easily, glues well with care, takes stain extremely well, and nails and screws satisfactorily where pre-boring is advised. It dries rather slowly with little degrade, but it has moderately high shrinkage, so is susceptible to movement in performance. The wood of yellow birch is heavy, hard and strong. It has very good bending properties, with good crushing strength and shock resistance
Cherry: Like all fruit trees, cherry belongs to the rose family. American Colonists used the cherry tree for its fruit, medicinal properties and home furnishings. They mixed cherry juice with rum to create Cherry Bounce, a bitter but highly favored cordial. The bark was used in the production of drugs to treat bronchitis, and cherry stalks were used to make tonics. It Grows Throughout Midwestern and Eastern USA. Main commercial areas: Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia and New York. Average tree height is 60 to 80 feet. Cherry trees can live to the extreme ages of 150 to 200 years. It’s Main Uses are for Fine furniture and cabinet making, moldings’ and millwork, kitchen cabinets, paneling, flooring, doors, boat interiors, musical instruments, turnings and carvings. Early printmakers used cherry for their engraving blocks. The heartwood of cherry varies from rich red to reddish brown and will darken with age and on exposure to light. In contrast, the sapwood is creamy white. The wood has a fine uniform, straight grain, satiny, smooth texture, and may naturally contain brown pith flecks and small gum pockets. Cherry is easy to machine, nails and glues well and when sanded and stained, it produces an excellent smooth finish. It dries fairly quickly with moderately high shrinkage, but is dimensionally stable after kiln drying. The wood is of medium density with good bending properties, it has low stiffness and medium strength and shock resistance.
Cottonwood: Cottonwood is the state tree of Kansas, Nebraska and Wyoming. It grows in the Eastern U.S., main commercial areas: Middle and Southern states. Average tree height is 80 to 100 feet. Cottonwoods have rapid growth throughout their first 40 years, then grow slowly for the many years after. Some have been known to reach 100 feet in height in fifteen years. It’s Main Uses are for Furniture, furniture parts, millwork and moldings’, toys and kitchen utensils. Specialized uses are Venetian blinds, shutters, and caskets. Together, aspen, basswood, cottonwood, elm, gum, hackberry, sassafras, sycamore and willow represent 12.5 percent of commercially available USA hardwoods. Cottonwoods were a welcome sight for pioneers moving westward. The cottonwoods marked the presence of streams in the otherwise treeless Great Plains. General machinability is fair, although tension wood is frequently present and can cause a fuzzy surface when cut, which in turn will require additional care when finishing. The wood glues well and has good resistance to splitting when nailing and screwing. It dries easily but may still have a tendency to warp, with slight movement in performance. Cottonwood is relatively light in weight. The wood is soft, weak in bending and compression, and low in shock resistance. It has no odor or taste when dry.
Cypress: Cypress trees are conifers, but unlike most American softwoods, these are deciduous trees that shed foliage in the fall like hardwoods. Although cypress is a softwood, it grows alongside hardwoods and traditionally has been grouped and manufactured with hardwoods. The oils in cypress’ heartwood make it one of the most durable woods when exposed to moisture conditions causing decay. It grows Most cypress trees are natives of the South. They are found primarily in wet, swampy areas along the Atlantic Coastal Plain from Delaware to Florida, and west along the Gulf of Mexico to the border of Texas and Mexico. Cypress also thrives along the Mississippi Valley from the Louisiana delta to southern Indiana. Cypress roots love water. Some trees growing on wet sites develop what are called cypress “knees” or pneumatophores. The knee-like upright growths come from the roots, helping to support the tree and also to aerate the waterlogged root system. The wood from the knees is soft and light and can be used to make vases and novelty items. It’s Main Uses are for Exterior: siding, shutters, shingles, trim, fence posts. Interior: paneling, molding, millwork, cabinetry, flooring, furniture. During the Middle Ages, European craftsmen carved massive cathedral doors from cypress. The sapwood is pale yellow white with the heartwood varying in color from light to dark or reddish brown. Cypress machines well, planes easily and resists warping. Pre-boring at board edges will help prevent splitting. It nails and screws very well. It glues well, sands easily and readily accepts finishes
Elm: Elm is the state tree of Massachusetts and North Dakota. It grows in the Eastern to Midwest USA. Average tree height is 40 to 60 feet. Its Main Uses are for Furniture, cabinet making, flooring, millwork, paneling and caskets. The red elm has a glue-like substance in its inner bark that formerly was steeped in water as a remedy for throat ailments; powdered for use in poultices, and chewed as a thirst-quencher. Red elm has a greyish white to light brown narrow sapwood, with heartwood that is reddish brown to dark brown in color. The grain can be straight, but is often interlocked. The wood has a coarse texture. The wood of red elm is fairly easy to work, it nails, screws and glues well, and can be sanded and stained to a good finish. It dries well with minimum degrade and little movement in performance. Elm is moderately heavy, hard and stiff with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is difficult to split because of its interlocked grain.
Gum: The origins of its Latin name, liquid amber styraciflua, are traced to the writings of Spanish explorer Hernando Cortez who, in 1519, described the gums as “large trees that exude a gum-like liquid amber in color. The gums are an important part of the Eastern hardwood forests, and are found throughout the Southeastern U.S. Average tree height is 80 to 120 feet: they prefer rich, moist soil and grow vigorously on occasionally flooded land. It’s Main Uses are for Cabinet making, furniture parts, doors, millwork, strips and moldings’, turnings and rail ties. Good substitute for walnut when stained. Storax, the clear, balsamic oleoresin that the tree secretees, often is used for medicinal and pharmaceutical preparations and it is used for adhesives, incense, perfuming, powders and soaps. The wood is easy to work, with both hand and machine tools. It nails, screws and glues well, takes stain easily and can be sanded to an excellent finish. It dries rapidly with a strong tendency to warp and twist. It has a high shrinkage, and is susceptible to movement in performance. American gum is moderately hard, stiff and heavy and has a low steam-bending classification.
Hackberry: It Grows in the Eastern USA. Average tree height is 130 feet. Its Main Uses are Furniture and kitchen cabinets, millwork, doors and moldings. Historically, most Southern church pews were made of hackberry. It often is used for farm implements as well as crates and boxes. The wood planes and turns well and is intermediate in its ability to hold nails and screws, and stains satisfactorily. Hackberry dries readily with minimal degrade. It has a fairly high shrinkage and is most suitable in cut stock (small/short pieces). Hackberry is moderately hard, heavy and has medium bending strength, high shock resistance but is low in stiffness. It has a good steam-bending classification.
Hard Maple: The hard maple is the state tree of Wisconsin, Vermont, New York and West Virginia. In the North, during the cold nights and warm days of late winter, the sugar maple is tapped for its sucrose-containing sap, the source of maple syrup. It may take up to 30 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup. Early American settlers used maple ashes to make soap and Native Americans crafted their spears from hard maple. Until the turn of the century, the heels of women’s shoes were made from maple. Maple has been a favorite of American furniture makers since early Colonial days. Hard maple is the standard wood for cutting boards because it imparts no taste to food and holds up well. It grows in the Eastern USA, principally Mid-Atlantic and Lake states. A cold weather tree favoring a more northerly climate, its average height is 130 feet. Its Main Uses are for Flooring, furniture, paneling, ballroom and gymnasium floors, kitchen cabinets, work tops, table tops, butchers blocks, toys, kitchenware and millwork: stairs, handrails, moldings, and doors. A single sugar maple tree produces up to 12 gallons of sap a year. Hard maple dries slowly with high shrinkage, so it can be susceptible to movement in performance. Pre-boring is recommended when nailing and screwing. With care it machines well, turns well, glues satisfactorily, and can be stained to an outstanding finish. Polishes well and is suitable for enamel finishes and brown tones. The wood is hard and heavy with good strength properties, in particular its high resistance to abrasion and wear. It also has good steam-bending properties. The higher quality grades of lumber are available selected for white color (sapwood) although this can limit availability. Figured maple (birds-eye, curly, fiddleback) is generally only available in commercial volumes as veneer.
Hickory and Pecan: Its name is an English contraction of the Native American “powcohicora.” In Eastern North America, it survived the catastrophic changes of the Glacial Epoch, some 50 million years ago. Thus, it is the first strictly American hardwood species. Westward trekking pioneers made hickory a prerequisite for their wagon wheels. Later, the Wright Brothers whittled hickory for their “flying contraption.” Hickory sawdust and chips are used to flavor meat by smoking. Commercially, the pecan is the most important native North American nut tree and it is the state tree of Texas. Pecan was a Native American name given to any nut hard enough to require cracking with a stone. Native Americans, particularly in the Northeast, used hickory for their bows. It Grows in the Eastern USA, principal commercial areas: Central and Southern states. Tree height ranges from 60 to 120 feet. Hickories grow slowly and it is not unusual for a tree to take 200 years to mature. Its Main Uses are Tool handles, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, paneling, wooden ladders, dowels and sporting goods. Andrew Jackson, seventh president of the USA, was nicknamed “Old Hickory” because of his toughness during disputes. The heaviest of American hardwoods, the hickories can be difficult to machine and glue, and are very hard to work with hand tools, so care is needed. They hold nails and screws well, but there is a tendency to split so pre-boring is advised. The wood can be sanded to a good finish. The grain pattern welcomes a full range of medium-to-dark finishes and bleaching treatments. It can be difficult to dry and has high shrinkage. The density and strength of the hickories will vary according to the rate of growth, with the true hickories generally showing higher values than the pecan hickories. The wood is well-known for its very good strength and shock resistance and it also has excellent steam-bending properties. Extremely tough and resilient, even textured, quite hard and only moderately heavy.
Pacific Coast Maple: It Grows Principally in the Pacific Northwest, where it is an abundant commercial hardwood. Average height is 60 ft. It grows scattered or in small groves. Its Main Uses are for Furniture, kitchen cabinets, doors, shutters, moldings, panel stock, turnings, carvings and kitchen utensils. Very fast growing; it is the second most abundant species of hardwood PC Maple is easy on the pocket book; it’s about half the cost of hard maple. PC maple machines well and is excellent for turning. It nails, screws and glues well and can be sanded, stained or painted to a good finish. PC maple has medium density, but is slightly harder than eastern soft maple. It has medium bending strength, shock resistance and stiffness.
Poplar: Yellow poplar trees grow taller than any other USA. hardwood species and they are members of the magnolia family. The bark the leaves, flowers, fruit and roots contain pharmaceuticals. Poplar is the state tree of Indiana, Kentucky and Tennessee. Widespread throughout Eastern USA. Tree heights can reach 150 feet. Its Main Uses are Light construction, furniture, kitchen cabinets, doors, musical instruments, siding, paneling, moldings and millwork, edge-glued panels, turnings and carvings. The poplar tree is rarely attacked by parasites. A versatile wood that is easy to machine, plane, turn, glue and bore. It dries easily with minimal movement in performance and has little tendency to split when nailed. It takes and holds paint, enamel and stain exceptionally well. A medium density wood with low bending, shock resistance, stiffness and compression values, with a medium steam-bending classification. It has excellent strength and stability.
Sassafras: It Grows Sporadically distributed throughout the Eastern USA. Height varies with region: southern trees generally grow tallest with average heights of 80 feet. Its Main Uses Furniture, millwork and moldings, windows, doors and door frames and kitchen cabinets. Sassafras tea can be made from boiling the tree’s flowers and the root bark. Sassafras oil from the tree’s root can also be used to perfume soap and as medicine. Chewing on sassafras twigs stimulates saliva production: a useful fact for desperately thirsty hikers. Sir Walter Raleigh took sassafras back to England from Virginia. In what were called the Great Sassafras Hunts from 1602-1603, ships were sent from England to collect the roots. Sassafras roots then were converted into a tonic that smelled like root beer and supposedly kept its drinkers youthful and healthy. Sassafras was also used as dye to give fabric an orange tint. Sassafras heartwood is pale brown to orange brown, resembling ash or chestnut. The narrow sapwood is yellowish white. The wood has a coarse texture and is generally straight-grained. It is Well-known as an aromatic species. Sassafras is easily worked and takes a finish well. It glues well and holds screws better than it nails, where pre-boring may be necessary to avoid splitting. It requires care in drying as it has a tendency to check with small movement in performance. With a medium strength in all categories except stiffness that is low. Sassafras is suitable for steam bending.
Soft Maple: It Grows Throughout Eastern USA, and to a lesser extent on the West Coast (big leaf maple). Average tree height is 60 to 80 feet. Its Main Uses are for Furniture, paneling and millwork, kitchen cabinets, moldings, doors, musical instruments, and turnings. Soft maple is often used as a substitute for hard maple or stained to resemble other species such as cherry. Its physical and working properties also make it a possible substitute for beech. Charcoal is often made from soft maple. Soft maple machines well and can be stained to an excellent finish. It glues, screws, and nails satisfactorily. Polishes well and are suitable for enamel finishes and brown tones. It dries slowly with minimal degrade and there is little movement in performance. Soft maple is about 25 percent less hard than hard maple, has medium bending and crushing strength, and is low in stiffness and shock resistance. It has good steam-bending properties
Sycamore: It Grows Throughout Eastern USA. Average tree height is 60 to 125 feet with peeling outer bark and a smooth, mottled cream, tan and green inner bark resembling camouflage. Its Main Uses are for Furniture, furniture parts (drawer sides), millwork, paneling and moldings, flooring, kitchenware, butcher blocks, toys and fruit crates. The sycamore has the largest leaf of any tree native to North America. The wood machines well, but high speed cutters are needed to prevent chipping. It is resistant to splitting due to the interlocked grain. The wood glues well and stains, with care, to an excellent finish. It dries fairly rapidly, with a tendency to warp. It has moderate shrinkage and little movement in performance. The wood is classified as moderate in weight, hardness, stiffness and shock resistance. It turns well on the lathe and has good bending
Walnut: The roots of the walnut tree release a toxic material that may kill other plants growing above them. From the time of ancient Greeks until well into modern European history, walnuts symbolized fertility and were strewn at weddings. Just the opposite, in Romania, brides who wished to delay childbearing placed into the bodice of their wedding dresses one walnut for each year they hoped to wait. It Grows Throughout Eastern U.S., but principal commercial region is the Central states. Average tree height of 100 to 150 feet. Its Main Uses are for Furniture, cabinets, architectural millwork, doors, flooring, paneling, and gun stocks. Walnut is a favored wood for using in contrast with lighter-colored species. Walnut is one of the few American species planted as well as naturally regenerated. Walnut works easily with hand and machine tools, and nails, screws and glues well. It holds paint and stain very well for an exceptional finish and is readily polished. It dries slowly, and care is needed to avoid kiln degrade. Walnut has good dimensional stability. Walnut is a tough hardwood of medium density, with moderate bending and crushing strengths and low stiffness. It has a good steam-bending classification.
Willow: It Grows Principal commercial areas are the Middle and Southern states, along the Mississippi River. Average tree height is usually no taller than 30 to 40 feet. Its Main Uses are for Furniture, moldings and millwork, paneling, doors, sports equipment, kitchen utensils and toys. Good walnut substitute. The chemical predecessor of aspirin originally was isolated from willow bark. Willow works fairly easily with hand and machine tools but care is needed to avoid a fuzzy surface when interlocked grain is present. The wood nails and screws well, glues excellently, and can be sanded to a very good finish. It dries fairly rapidly with minimal degrade although may be susceptible to moisture pockets. Dimensional stability is good when dry. The wood is weak in bending, compression, shock-resistance and stiffness, with a poor steam-bending classification
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This incredible machine was built as a collaborative effort between the Robert M. Trammell Music Conservatory and the Sharon Wick School of Engineering at the University of Iowa. Amazingly, 97% of the machine’s components came from John Deere Industries and Irrigation Equipment of Bancroft, Iowa…Yes, farm equipment.
It took the team a combined 13,029 hours of set-up, alignment, calibration, and tuning before filming this video. As you can see, it was WELL worth the effort. It’s now on display in the Matthew Gerhard Alumni Hall at the University and it’s already slated to be donated to the Smithsonian.
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